TMJ Health and Occlusal Disease
Dr. Segulyev has specialized TMJ training
“TMJ” is a popular term used to describe a disorder of the jaw joints, chewing muscles and bite. Symptoms masquerade as a multitude of other problems such as sinus headaches, migraines, neck and shoulder stiffness, earaches and tooth problems. These symptoms are caused by an instability in your jaw joint and can be successfully treated by a dentist who has specialized training in managing these disorders, such as Dr. James Segulyev.
TMD (TMJ dysfunction) is the dental term describing a collection of symptoms, which result when the chewing muscles, bite and jaw joints do not work together correctly.
TMJ stands for the temporomandibular joints. These are the two joints that connect your jaw to your skull. When these joints are not functioning as designed, they can cause many problems, such as:
- Clicking or popping noises
- Pain to opening or closing the jaw
- Locking or limited opening of your mouth
Muscle spasm goes hand-in-hand with displaced jaw joints. Because the nerves and muscles are so complex in this area, when these muscles are in spasm, the problems can be far-reaching. People suffer from symptoms they would never think to associate with their bite such as:
- Pain behind the eyes
- Earaches or ringing of the ears
- Clenching or grinding of the teeth
- Worn, broken loose and chipped teeth
- Neck, shoulder, or back pain
- Numbness, or tingling of the fingers
The primary problem can be in the joints themselves; the muscles of the face and jaw; the bite (how the teeth fit and work for chewing) or a combination of these. Because the symptoms masquerade as so many other conditions, many people travel from doctor to doctor in search of relief. It is estimated that as many as 10-15% of Americans suffer from one or more of these symptoms. Many never think to seek a dentist trained in TMD for help. Learn more about TMD Symptoms.
Open-Close: Comparison. This animation shows the functioning of the main muscles controlling the jaw for both the stable (on the left) and destructive (on the right) bites. In the destructive bite the upper and lower positioning muscles will quite often pull together as they fight the pull of the closing muscles and stop working in alternate phases as they do in the normal bite.